Shock Emergency First Aid Treatment

Shock can occur in matter of seconds and can result in death or tissue damage. Therefore, a shock emergency first aid treatment is necessary to avoid life threatening complications.

What is Shock?

Shock is a life threatening medical condition as a result of insufficient blood flow throughout the body. Shock often accompanies severe injury or illness. Casualties in this condition require shock emergency first aid treatment as symptoms can worsen rapidly.

Causes of Shock

  • Heart conditions (heart attack, heart failure)
  • Heavy internal or external bleeding from a serious injury or ruptured blood vessel
  • Severe dehydration
  • Infection(septic shock)
  • Severe allergic reaction(anaphylactic shock)
  • Spinal injuries(neurogenic shock)
  • Burns
  • Persistent vomiting or diarrhea

Recognition of Shock Symptoms

Here are the symptoms to look out for to know if an individual is in Shock.

  • A rapid pulse
  • Grey-blue skin, especially on lips.
  • Sweating and cold, clammy skin.


  • Weakness and giddiness
  • Nausea or thirst
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • A weak pulse


  • Restlessness
  • Gasping for air
  • Unconsciousness
  • Cardiac arrest.

Precautions to take During Shock Emergency First Aid Treatment

Here are the precautions to take when a person is in shock;

  • Do not leave the casualty alone, except to call an ambulance.
  • Do not let the casualty eat, move, smoke, or drink.

Actions to take During Shock Emergency First Aid Treatment

When a person is in shock, here are the measures to effect for the patient’s speedy recovery;

  • Lay casualty down
  • Loosen tight clothing
  • Call ambulance
  • Monitor breathing and pulse

Read also Emergency First Aid Action in an Emergency Situation

  1. Lay Casualty Down
  • Use a blanket to protect him from the cold ground.
  • Raise and support his legs as high as possible.
  • Treat any cause of shock, such as bleeding.
  1. Loosen Tight Clothing
  • Undo anything that constricts his neck, chest, and waist.
  1. Dial 999 For Ambulance
  • Give details of the cause of shock, if known.
  1. Monitor Breathing and Pulse
  • Monitor and record breathing, pulse, and level of response every ten minutes.
  • Be prepared to resuscitate if necessary.

Just following the above guidelines and taking the necessary precautions , shock emergency first aid treatment can be given successfully to a casualty thereby preventing any loss of life or further damages.

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