How dehydration can affect pregnancy

How dehydration can affect pregnancy…..

Dehydration is more common during pregnancy than at other times. Most cases of dehydration in pregnancy are mild, but severe dehydration can be dangerous for both the mother and the baby.

The fetus places intense demands on the body, and pregnant people need to consume extra nutrients. Morning sickness, as well as conditions that cause excessive vomiting, may also play a role in dehydration.

How dehydration can affect pregnancy

Symptoms of dehydration during pregnancy

Generally, the first sign of dehydration is feeling thirsty.

People who feel thirsty after sweating, spending long periods of time in the heat, or going for long periods without water are especially likely to be dehydrated.

Other signs of dehydration include:

  • a dry feeling in the throat or mouth
  • dry, chapped lips
  • dry-looking skin
  • less elastic skin that looks sunken or thin
  • less frequent urination
  • dark-colored urine
  • urinating less often
  • not sweating, even in hot weather
  • feeling weak or exhausted
  • constipation, hard stools, and hemorrhoids
  • feeling lightheaded

Some people may experience Braxton Hicks contractions when they are dehydrated.

When dehydration gets worse, feelings of thirst can disappear. Some signs of more severe dehydration during pregnancy include:

  • dizziness and confusion
  • a racing heart
  • changes in the baby’s pattern of movement
  • low blood pressure, which may cause dizziness or fainting

Severe dehydration can cause shock and organ failure. It may also harm the baby.

Causes of dehydration during pregnancy

The causes of dehydration fall into two general categories:

  1. Not drinking enough water: Although there are many recommendations available about how much water people should drink, needs vary from person to person. Pregnancy places additional demands on the body. So pregnant people generally need to drink more water than they did before they were pregnant. Someone who is physically active or who lives in a hot climate will sweat more and will need more water. Individuals who change their activity level suddenly or move to a warmer climate may need more water than they once did. If they do not adjust the amount they drink, they can become dehydrated. People with eating disorders, particularly bulimia, may be more vulnerable to dehydration. When dehydration happens because of not drinking enough water, it is often easy to fix by just drinking more water — particularly in the early stages of dehydration.
  2. Not absorbing enough water: Some medical conditions, especially those that cause vomiting and diarrhea, can make it difficult for the body to absorb the water it needs. Nausea and vomiting are more common during pregnancy than at other times. Those with hyperemesis gravidarum, which occurs in 3 percent of pregnancies, may experience intense vomiting that causes weight loss and dehydration.

Read Also: Eating Crab During Pregnancy: Is It Safe?

Other health issues, especially those that affect metabolism, can cause dehydration. These include:

  • kidney failure
  • certain rare metabolic disorders
  • intestinal disorders such as Crohn’s disease or celiac disease that make it difficult to absorb nutrients

People with an underlying medical condition are at an increased risk for dehydration in hot weather, following intense exercise, or when they do not drink enough water.

Complications of Dehydration during Pregnancy

Mild dehydration is not typically dangerous in pregnancy as long as the person quickly gets enough fluids. Severe dehydration can be dangerous for both the mother and the baby.

Dehydration can lead to lower levels of amniotic fluid, which can influence the baby’s development, lead to preterm labor, and can affect the production of breast milk.

It can also cause deficiencies in nutrients that are vital for the health of the pregnant person and the developing baby.

Dehydration is not, however, the primary cause of preterm labor. A 2016 study found that those showing signs of preterm labor were no more likely to be dehydrated than those who were not experiencing preterm labor.

Rarely, dehydration can cause comas or even be fatal.

When to Visit the hospital

It can be difficult to self-diagnose whether dehydration is mild or severe. In cases where drinking water or an electrolyte drink does not quickly improve symptoms, call an obstetrician or midwife. If it is the weekend or after hours, there might be an after-hours line that can help. If no such services are available, consider going to an urgent care provider.

Anyone who is pregnant should go to the hospital for dehydration when they:

  • feel the baby’s pattern of movement changes
  • begin to bleed or leak fluid
  • experience contractions that they think might be a sign of premature labor
  • have already been diagnosed with a serious medical condition, such as kidney failure
  • experience vomiting or diarrhea for longer than 12 hours
  • have stopped sweating despite drinking fluid
  • are producing very little or no urine
  • faint, have a seizure or feel confused

Those who have hyperemesis gravidarum or another medical condition should discuss with their doctor when it is time to go to the hospital.

If the doctor suspects that the person’s symptoms constitute a medical emergency, they should seek emergency care.

Treatment for dehydration may include giving fluids through a needle in a vein (IV). Some people who are dehydrated may also require electrolytes, such as sodium and magnesium, to help them absorb fluids properly.

Some people may need to stay in the hospital for several days for monitoring.

How to Prevent dehydration during pregnancy

To prevent dehydration, increase fluid intake until the urine becomes clear or very pale yellow. Consider carrying a water bottle or taking frequent water breaks.

People who exercise or spend time outside in intense heat should increase their fluid intake even more.

Certain foods can make a person more likely to experience dehydration, including caffeinated foods or drinks. It is essential to drink plenty of water when consuming these foods.

Prenatal care plays an essential role in preventing dehydration. Dehydration is often due to an underlying condition, such as a metabolic problem or hyperemesis gravidarum. A doctor can help prevent this condition from causing dehydration.

If a person has a history of dehydration or a condition that causes dehydration, it is a good idea to talk to a doctor about ways to prevent dehydration from happening.

Source: MedicalNewsToday

Read Also: Common infections that occurs during pregnancy

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

yoast seo premium free
%d bloggers like this: