Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Pregnancy

Pregnancy period is one of the most precious moments in a woman’s life. Every woman has lots of expectations during this period, that’s why so many questions run through an expectant mother’s mind as she expects her little cutie. We’ve put together Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Pregnancy, with answers for your reading.

What is Ovulation?

One important thing to note here is that for pregnancy to occur, ovulation must take place. Ovulation is the movement of egg from the ovaries (the organs that produces eggs) into the fallopian tubes. There, a sperm cell can fertilize the egg, which could then move into the uterus or womb, and develop into a fetus. Many people mistakenly believe ovulation always happens exactly 14 days after a woman’s last period but, the timing varies for each woman, usually falling between days 11 and 21 of the menstrual cycle.

How do I Know that I am Ovulating?

The fact remains that so many women don’t know when they are ovulating. Here are the major signs to look out for during ovulation:

  • Increase in body fluids particularly the cervical
  • Movement of the cervix: during ovulation period, the cervix is said to become softer and move to front.
  • Middle pain: also called the one sided pain occurs only during ovulation but many women don’t get this pain
  • Temperature variation: the body temperature varies during the process indicating that it is prepared to fertilize.
  • Breast tenderness: the breast get tender and soft during the period because of the hormonal change
  • Increase in sexual urge: due to hormonal imbalance, the desire to get fertilized is more in women.

How Many Sperm Achieve A Pregnancy?

It takes just one sperm to fertilize an egg and achieve a pregnancy, but for each sperm that reaches and fertilizes an egg, there are millions that don’t. The average ejaculation contains close to 100 million sperm. According to the World Health Organization, men who have fewer than 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen may be at risk for having infertility issues.

Why Are So Many Sperm Released If It Takes Only One To Make A Baby?

To meet the waiting egg, only the strongest sperm survive. Experts believe this process may be nature’s way of allowing only the healthiest sperm to fertilize the egg, thereby providing the best chances to produce a healthy baby.

Is There Anything You Can Do To Improve The Health Of Your Sperm?

Having healthy sperm is very necessary for a healthy living. Many of the things you do to keep yourself healthy can also improve the health of your sperm. These include:

  • Avoiding cigarettes and illicit drugs, especially anabolic steroids
  • Avoiding exposure to toxins such as pesticides and heavy metals
  • Limiting alcohol intake
  • Eating a healthy diet and maintaining a healthy weight
  • Finally, it is important to take care to keep your scrotum cool, because heat slows sperm production.

How Long Does Sperm Live In Woman’s Body?

  • Sperm can live in the right environment for up to 5 days. The right environment would be inside the uterus and the cervix. In certain environments, such as the cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes sperm have a life-span of up to 5 days. That’s why a woman can get pregnant if they ovulate within 5 days after intercourse.
  • The egg, on the other hand, has a life-span of only about 12-24 hours at most from the time it bursts from the ovary. So, fertilization can occur anytime life sperm meet up with a life egg, which can happen even if the sperm are deposited up to five days in advance of ovulation.

How do I Have a Baby Boy Or  Girl?

So many parents have lots of concern for their baby’s gender. Though nature in its way has a major role to play in determining baby’s gender, here are things to know about having a boy or girl

  • Each parent contributes half of a baby’s genetic makeup. The female or mother is generally an XX, so she is only able to contribute an X to the future baby. The father of the baby is XY and can contribute either an X or a Y. this means that sperm is the deciding factor in how your baby’s sex is determined
  • Over 200 million sperm are ejaculated into the vagina during intercourse; a mixture of X and Y. most likely only one will be the one to penetrate the ovum.
  • This means, if Y cell fertilize an ovum the result is a boy. Then if it is X, is a girl.

Shettles Method

  • Landrum Shettles is known for his popular book on how to use low tech ways to conceive a baby of a particular sex, but particularly baby girls. Though the method can be used for a girl or a boy.
  • The theory behind this method for having a baby boy is that Y bearing sperm are faster but die more quickly.
  • This means that by the time the egg is released you should have no sperm near the egg
  • Quickly have intercourse to have the biggest concentration of Y bearing sperm.
  • On the other hand, X bearing sperm are slower but live longer in the woman’s body.
  • This means that by the time the egg is released you should have sperm near the egg (in the fallopian tube)
  • And you can have intercourse before ovulation.

The Basics Are :

  • First you must know your menstrual cycle and chart it using your basal body temperature (BBT) charts.
  • Once you have done this for a few months you can more accurately pinpoint ovulation.
  • Men should avoid ejaculation for 4-5 days before ovulation.
  • Your goal would be to time sexual intercourse about 12 hours prior to ovulation.
  • Use positions to place the sperm as close to the cervix as possible, including rear entry positions.
  • Females should have an orgasm to help move the sperm towards the egg.
  • Previously Shelttles recommended certain douches to deal with the acidity issue, but has since backed off that because of the risk of infection.

What are Safe/Unsafe Period?

Having a good knowledge of your safe and unsafe periods is crucial in every woman’s life. Following the instructions below will help in knowing when you are safe or unsafe.

Instructions:

  • Take six months to make certain that your period is regular each month and lasts less than eight days.
  • Mark on your calendar 1 to 7 as infertile or safe days if you have a regular menstrual cycle that lasts from 26 to 31 days.
  • Take the shortest cycle (26 days) and subtract that from 18 days to get the eighth day and take the longest cycle of 31 and subtract by 10 for day 21. This would mean day 8 to 21 is a fertile and unsafe period to have sex. Day 1 to 7 and day 21 through the rest of your cycle are safe periods of infertility to have sex.

Menstrual Cycle: A Quick Guide to Knowing your Period Flow

What Food can I Eat During Pregnancy?

It’s an undebatable truth that this remains one of the major problems every pregnant woman faces during pregnancy. This is due to the changes ongoing in their body

During pregnancy, for example, you’ll need protein and calcium for your baby’s tissues and bones. You’ll also need extra folic acid to protect against neural tube birth defects, as well as more iron to help red blood cells carry oxygen to your baby. Therefore it’s good for every expectant mom to have a balanced and healthy food menu

Get Off To A Good Start With These Pregnancy Super Foods:

  • Whole Grains: Enriched, whole grain breads and cereals are fortified with folic acid and iron and have more fiber than white bread and rice. Work
  • Beans: Add black beans, white beans, pinto beans, black-eyed peas, and kidney, soy beans to your diet. And food with iron, folate, calcium, and zinc.
  • Salmon: Omega-3 fatty acids are good for your baby’s brain and eyes, and salmon is a great source.
  • Eggs: Eggs are versatile and a good source of protein that provides amino acids you and your baby need. Be sure not to eat undercooked raw eggs.
  • Berries: Berries are packed with vitamin C, potassium, folate, and fiber.
  • Low-Fat Yogurt: One cup of plain, low-fat yogurt has more calcium than milk, is high in protein.

READ ALSO: 10 Most Healthy Food for New Mothers

What are the Food To Avoid During Pregnancy?

There are some foods you should avoid eating during pregnancy because they could cause food poisoning, or harm your unborn baby.

  • Cheese: avoid mould-ripened soft cheeses, such as brie, camembert and others with a similar rind, including goats’ cheese.
  • Soft Blue-veined cheeses: such as Danish blue, gorgonzola and Roquefort cheeses.
  • Eggs: Avoid raw or uncooked eggs and any foods that contain them,
  • Milk: Do not drink raw (unpasteurized) milk, including unpasteurized goats’ or sheep’s milk.
  • Meat: Do not eat raw or undercooked meat.
  • The latest advice from the Food Standards Agency is the pregnant women should take care when eating cold cured meats.
  • For ready-to-eat meats, you can reduce any risk from parasites by freezing cured/fermented meats for four days at home before you eat them.
  • Liver: Avoid liver or liver products. Too much vitamin A can harm your baby.
  • Don’t take: high-dose multivitamin supplements fish liver oil supplements any supplements containing vitamin A.
  • Fish: There are some types of fish you should limit, such as tuna and oily fish, and some types of fish you should avoid completely, such as shark.
  • Alcohol: You should avoid drinking alcohol if you’re pregnant or trying to get pregnant.
  • Caffeine: You should limit caffeine during pregnancy avoid having more than 200mg of caffeine a day. High levels of caffeine can cause babies to have a low birth weight. Too much caffeine can also cause a miscarriage.
  • Reducing the risk of toxoplasmosis
  • Wash: Fruit, vegetables and salads to remove all traces of soil, which may contain toxoplasma, a parasite that can cause toxoplasmosis.

How can I Maintain Body Weight Within Normal Limits during pregnancy?

Excessive weight gain during pregnancy leads to so many complications before and during childbirth. The following tips can be considered in maintaining weight within normal limits during this period.

  • Weighing every week: after entering 16th week, try to regularly check your weight at least once a week.
  • As a general bench mark, make an effort in order that weights gain is less than 300g per week.
  • Maintain regular and balance eating patterns.
  • Eat calmly and well-chewed. Due to the huge appetite there is a tendency to eat quickly and without chewing properly.
  • Avoid meals 3 hours before bedtime to avoid obesity.
  • Reduce consumption of sugar, fat and salt, to avoid excessive weight.
  • Record foods consumed each day, as weight control measure.
  • Reduced assorted snacks and meals during pregnancy.
  • Do your homework as usual, like sweeping, washing dishes and so forth
  • Eliminate the presumption; I should be eating for 2 people.

Read Also: Why Body Stretching is a “MUST”: 17 Reasons to Exercise Daily

How Can I Predict my Baby’s Gender?

Knowing your baby’s gender prior his birth is very beneficial as it serves a lot especially during shopping. The following feelings and body changes can tell if you are expecting a baby boy or girl

Characteristic of Baby Boy

  • No nausea in the morning
  • Heart rate less than 140 beats/min
  • Weight gain in the abdomen
  • Belly looks like a basketball
  • Position of the stomach as downstairs
  • Want a salty and sour foods
  • Wanted food that contains lots of protein, like meat and cheese
  • Leg feels colder than before
  • Very dry hands
  • Weight loss increases with the expectant father involved with the prospective mother’s weight gain.
  • Expectant mothers look more attractive
  • Bright yellow urine
  • Prospective mother’s nose wide
  • Often get headaches.

Conclusion

I believe this article helps you enjoy your pregnancy to it’s fullest. If you have any question or contribution kindly drop it on the comment box as we are always ready to answer you.

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