3 Basic Steps during Asthma Attack Emergency First Aid Treatment

During an Asthma Attack Emergency First Aid Treatment, there are basic steps to be followed in order to save the patience life. Highlighted here are the recognition sign, precautions and actions to take.

What an Asthma Attack is

According to WebMd, an asthma attack is a sudden worsening of asthma symptoms caused by the tightening of muscles around your airways (bronchospasm). During the asthma attack, the lining of the airways also becomes swollen or inflamed and thicker mucus — more than normal — is produced.

Recognition and Symptoms of Asthma Attack

The main symptom of an asthma attack is difficulty in breathing caused by factors such as bronchospasm, inflammation, and mucus production. Other factors are:

  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Grey-blue skin
  • shortness of breath
  • difficulty performing normal daily activities
  • Dry, tickly cough

Call 911 if you have any of these symptoms.

Precautions to Take During an Asthma Attack

  • Do not lay the casualty down.
  • Do not use a preventer inhaler.
  • If the casualty falls unconscious, be prepared to resuscitate if necessary.
  • If the inhaler has no effect after 5-10 minutes, Dial 999 for an ambulance. Ask the casualty to use her inhaler every 5-10 minutes.
  • Monitor and record breathing and pulse every ten minutes.

Action to Take During an Asthma Attack

  • Make casualty comfortable
  • Let casualty use inhaler
  • Encourage casualty to breath slowly

Call 911 if you have any of these symptoms.

Asthma Attack Emergency First Aid Treatment

Here are the step-by-step procedures to follow Asthma Attack Emergency First Aid Treatment:

  1. Make Casualty Comfortable
  • Keep calm and reassure the casualty.
  • Help her into a position which she finds most comfortable; sitting slightly forwards is usually best.
  • Tell her to try to take slow, deep breaths.

Read First Aid Recovery Position during an Emergency

  1. Let Casualty Use Inhaler
  • Help the casualty to find her reliever inhaler (it is usually blue)
  • Allow the casualty to use the inhaler, it should take effect within minutes.

  1. Encourage Casualty to Breathe Slowly
  • If the attack eases within 5-10 minutes, encourage the casualty to take another dose from her inhaler and to breathe slowly and deeply.
  • Tell the casualty to inform her doctor of the attack if it is severe or if it is her first attack.


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