Assess the Casualty during Emergency | Adult or Baby

Assess the casualty – If you think someone is in dare need of your help, before doing anything, you need to check if the situation is safe and assess what’s wrong with them. See emergency first aid action to take. These checks are broken into two stages – called The Primary and Secondary Survey:

The primary thing to do is that you need to look and see if they have any injuries or conditions that could be immediately life-threatening, and deal with these as quickly as possible. To do this, the letters DR. ABC will help you to remember to check for Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing and Circulation.

Secondly, if you manage to deal with anything life-threatening successfully, or there is nothing life-threatening to deal with, then you can assess someone in more detail for any other injuries or conditions.

How to Assess the Casualty| ADULT

  1. Check response
  • Ask a question, such as “what’s happened?”, loudly and clearly or give a command: “Open your eyes”.
  • Gently shake the casualty’s shoulders.
  • If there is no response, proceed to step 2
  • If the casualty is conscious, treat as necessary
  1. Open Airway
  • Place two fingers under the casualty’s chin and your other hand on his forehead, and tilt his head well back
  1. Check Breathing
  • Check his breathing for up to ten seconds, by looking for chest movement, listening for sounds of breathing, and feeling for breath on your check.
  • If breathing is absent, breathe for the casualty
  • If breathing is present, place the casualty in the recovery position

How to Assess the Casualty | BABY OR CHILD (AGED 0 – 7)

  1. Check Response
  • Try to stimulate the baby or child by talking to her or gently shaking her.
  • Always be very gentle when you shake a baby’s shoulders.
  1. Open Airway
  • Place two fingers under a child’s chin and one hand on her forehead, and gently tilt the head well back.
  • Use only one finger under a baby’s chin
  1. Check Breathing
  • Check the casualty’s breathing for up to ten seconds by looking for chest movement, listening for breathing sounds, and feeling for breath on your cheek.
  • If breathing is absent, breathe for the casualty
  • If breathing is present, place the casualty in the recovery position.

Hope this article is useful? Let’s know what you think…

2 Comments

  1. Pingback: Emergency First Aid Action in an Emergency Situation - Good Health Clue

  2. Pingback: How to Commence Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

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